Hi! Welcome...

Andrew S. Erickson China's rapid development is reshaping the world in all dimensions. Chinese language open sources offer insights into these critical trends. While such materials are increasing constantly in number, diversity, and sophistication, only a fraction is available in English. The analyses available here, many based on sources not previously considered outside China, are designed to help bridge that gap--and thereby increase understanding of the most dynamic great power in the international system today.

14 August 2020

Latest ed. of “Modern Chinese Maritime Forces”—Unmatched Detail on World’s Largest Navy, Coast Guard & Maritime Militia!

Manfred Meyer (edited by Larry Bond and Chris Carlson), Modern Chinese Maritime Forces (Admiralty Trilogy Group, 1 July 2020).

“A compilation of all ships and boats of the Chinese Navy, Coast Guard, Maritime Militia and other state authorities”
In terms of ship numbers, each of China’s three sea forces is the world’s largest by a large margin. For the […]

13 August 2020

China’s PAFMM Grey Zone Maritime Challenge to the Philippines

Christian Vicedo, “China’s PAFMM Grey Zone Maritime Challenge to the Philippines,” East Asia Forum, 13 August 2020.
China’s People’s Armed Forces Maritime Militia (PAFMM) is key to understanding Beijing’s grey-zone operations in the South China Sea (SCS). The PAFMM is organised and linked to the People’s Liberation Army chain of command through the People’s Armed Forces Districts. PAFMM members […]

12 August 2020

Updated CRS Report Offers Major China/Russia Coverage—“U.S. Role in the World: Background & Issues for Congress”

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S. Role in the World: Background & Issues for Congress R44891 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 5 August 2020).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.

Summary
The U.S. role in the world refers to the overall character, purpose, or […]

12 August 2020

“Renewed Great Power Competition”—Latest Edition of Timely New Congressional Research Service Report

Ronald O’Rourke, Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense—Issues for Congress, R43838 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 31 July 2020).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.

Summary
Many observers have concluded that the post-Cold War era of international relations—which […]

12 August 2020

Latest Edition—“China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities”—CRS Report with Projections to 2030 from ONI

Ronald O’Rourke, China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress, RL33153 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 30 July 2020).
Having trouble accessing the website above? Please download a cached copy here!
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.
In addition to his continuous incremental improvements, Ronald O’Rourke has revised this latest edition […]

12 August 2020

CMSI China Maritime Report #7: “Gwadar: China’s Potential Strategic Strongpoint in Pakistan”

A superb new contribution from my colleagues!
Isaac B. Kardon, Conor M. Kennedy, and Peter A. Dutton, Gwadar: China’s Potential Strategic Strongpoint in Pakistan, China Maritime Report 7 (Newport, RI: Naval War College China Maritime Studies Institute, August 2020).
China Maritime Report No. 7 offers a detailed examination of China’s infrastructure project in the port of Gwadar, Pakistan. Written by Dr. Peter Dutton, Dr. […]

02 August 2020

The China Maritime Militia Bookshelf: Latest Data & Official Statements + My Fact Sheet & Recommendations

CHINA’S MARITIME MILITIA: DATA & ANALYSIS

Tracking China’s “Little Blue Men”—A Comprehensive Maritime Militia Compendium
As Coronavirus rages on, fishy things have been happening across the South and East China Seas, home to virtually all of China’s unresolved maritime disputes… Since Beijing remains far from being fully forthcoming and transparent, it is to be hoped that governments whose nations’ ships have […]

15 July 2020

The President’s Executive Order on Hong Kong Normalization

“The President’s Executive Order on Hong Kong Normalization,” The White House, 14 July 2020.
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-393), the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 […]

15 July 2020

Stilwell Remarks Document Recent Maritime Militia Activity: “The South China Sea, Southeast Asia’s Patrimony, And Everybody’s Own Backyard”

David R. Stilwell, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, “The South China Sea, Southeast Asia’s Patrimony, And Everybody’s Own Backyard,” Remarks at Center for Strategic and International Studies (Virtual), 14 July 2020.
Remarks as prepared
INTRODUCTION
Thank you, Greg. I’m honored to join you. I commend CSIS for regularly convening leading thinkers on the Indo-Pacific […]

13 July 2020

Secretary Pompeo: U.S. Position on Maritime Claims in the South China Sea

Press Statement by Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo,“U.S. Position on Maritime Claims in the South China Sea,” 13 July 2020.

The United States champions a free and open Indo-Pacific. Today we are strengthening U.S. policy in a vital, contentious part of that region — the South China Sea. We are making clear: Beijing’s claims to […]

13 July 2020

Washington Post: Trump “administration plans to say the U.S. now regards virtually all Chinese maritime claims outside its internationally recognized waters to be illegitimate”

Matthew Lee and Lolita C. Baldor, “US to Reject Nearly all Chinese claims in South China Sea,” Washington Post, 13 July 2020.
U.S. officials say the Trump administration is poised to… [reject] outright nearly all of Beijing’s significant maritime claims in the South China Sea.
In a move the officials say is expected as early as Monday… […]

05 July 2020

The Hong Kong Watch Floor

Hong Kongers face grave risks. Beijing has adopted, and is already implementing, a popularly-opposed National Security Law that invalidates core One Country, Two Systems-promised protections. Under assault: some of Hong Kongers’ most cherished values and freedoms. Clearly over: Hong Kong’s much-touted status as Asia’s World City.
Hong Kong’s own government long branded Asia’s World City as having […]

05 July 2020

“U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South & East China Seas: Background & Issues for Congress” —Ron O’Rourke’s Latest CRS Report (*108th ed.) Has CCG, PAFMM Updates

Now in its 108th iteration, not far behind its counterpart on PLA Navy development, this Library of Congress report is indispensable for policy-makers and analysts alike!

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Implications for U.S. Interests—Background and Issues for Congress, R42784 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 23 June 2020).
If you have trouble accessing […]

05 July 2020

“U.S. Role in the World: Background & Issues for Congress”—New CRS Report Offers Major China/Russia Coverage!

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S. Role in the World: Background & Issues for Congress R44891 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 12 March 2020).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.
Summary
The U.S. role in the world refers to the overall character, purpose, or […]

05 July 2020

Latest Edition of Timely New CRS Report—“Renewed Great Power Competition”

Ronald O’Rourke, Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense—Issues for Congress, R43838 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 29 May 2020).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.
Summary
Many observers have concluded that the post-Cold War era of international relations—which […]

01 July 2020

Countering Coercive Envelopment: How to Resist PRC Political-Maritime Control in Asia and Beyond

Andrew S. Erickson, “Countering Coercive Envelopment: How to Resist PRC Political-Maritime Control in Asia and Beyond,” testimony at hearing on “China’s Maritime Ambitions,” U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation, via WebEx to Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC, 30 June 2020.
COUNTERING COERCIVE ENVELOPMENT:
HOW TO RESIST PRC […]

30 June 2020

Honored to Testify at House Committee on Foreign Affairs Hearing Today: “China’s Maritime Ambitions”

House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs
Subcommittee: Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation
China’s Maritime Ambitions
June 30, 2020 3:00 PM
2172 Rayburn House Office Building and virtually via Cisco WebEx
 
WITNESSES
Gregory B. Poling
Senior Fellow for Southeast Asia
Director, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative
Center for Strategic and International Studies

Witness Statement
Witness Truth in Testimony
Witness Biography

Dr. Oriana Skylar Mastro
Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute
Assistant Professor of Security Studies, Georgetown University

Witness […]

30 June 2020

China SignPost™ (洞察中国) #102—“Policy Options to Impose Costs on Beijing’s Coercive Envelopment of Hong Kong: Version 1.0”

Gabriel Collins, J.D., Baker Botts Fellow in Energy & Environmental Regulatory Affairs, Baker Institute for Public Policy
Andrew S. Erickson, Ph.D., Professor of Strategy, China Maritime Studies Institute, Naval War College[1]
Hong Kong’s long-deteriorating situation has come to a head. On 30 June 2020, Beijing railroaded through a popularly-opposed National Security Law negating the Special Autonomous Region’s judicial […]

29 June 2020

The Hong Kong Watch Floor

An unclear, but clearly worrisome, future has arrived. Now that Beijing has adopted, and will be implementing, a popularly-opposed National Security Law that effectively invalidates core One Country, Two Systems-promised protections, risks are mounting for Hong Kongers. Under assault: some of their most cherished values and freedoms, and Hong Kong’s much-touted status as Asia’s World City.
Hong […]