Hi! Welcome...

Andrew S. Erickson China's rapid development is reshaping the world in all dimensions. Chinese language open sources offer insights into these critical trends. While such materials are increasing constantly in number, diversity, and sophistication, only a fraction is available in English. The analyses available here, many based on sources not previously considered outside China, are designed to help bridge that gap--and thereby increase understanding of the most dynamic great power in the international system today.

02 August 2020

The China Maritime Militia Bookshelf: Latest Data & Official Statements + My Fact Sheet & Recommendations

CHINA’S MARITIME MILITIA: DATA & ANALYSIS

Tracking China’s “Little Blue Men”—A Comprehensive Maritime Militia Compendium
As Coronavirus rages on, fishy things have been happening across the South and East China Seas, home to virtually all of China’s unresolved maritime disputes… Since Beijing remains far from being fully forthcoming and transparent, it is to be hoped that governments whose nations’ ships have […]

15 July 2020

The President’s Executive Order on Hong Kong Normalization

“The President’s Executive Order on Hong Kong Normalization,” The White House, 14 July 2020.
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-393), the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 […]

15 July 2020

Stilwell Remarks Document Recent Maritime Militia Activity: “The South China Sea, Southeast Asia’s Patrimony, And Everybody’s Own Backyard”

David R. Stilwell, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, “The South China Sea, Southeast Asia’s Patrimony, And Everybody’s Own Backyard,” Remarks at Center for Strategic and International Studies (Virtual), 14 July 2020.
Remarks as prepared
INTRODUCTION
Thank you, Greg. I’m honored to join you. I commend CSIS for regularly convening leading thinkers on the Indo-Pacific […]

13 July 2020

Secretary Pompeo: U.S. Position on Maritime Claims in the South China Sea

Press Statement by Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo,“U.S. Position on Maritime Claims in the South China Sea,” 13 July 2020.

The United States champions a free and open Indo-Pacific. Today we are strengthening U.S. policy in a vital, contentious part of that region — the South China Sea. We are making clear: Beijing’s claims to […]

13 July 2020

Washington Post: Trump “administration plans to say the U.S. now regards virtually all Chinese maritime claims outside its internationally recognized waters to be illegitimate”

Matthew Lee and Lolita C. Baldor, “US to Reject Nearly all Chinese claims in South China Sea,” Washington Post, 13 July 2020.
U.S. officials say the Trump administration is poised to… [reject] outright nearly all of Beijing’s significant maritime claims in the South China Sea.
In a move the officials say is expected as early as Monday… […]

05 July 2020

The Hong Kong Watch Floor

Hong Kongers face grave risks. Beijing has adopted, and is already implementing, a popularly-opposed National Security Law that invalidates core One Country, Two Systems-promised protections. Under assault: some of Hong Kongers’ most cherished values and freedoms. Clearly over: Hong Kong’s much-touted status as Asia’s World City.
Hong Kong’s own government long branded Asia’s World City as having […]

05 July 2020

“U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South & East China Seas: Background & Issues for Congress” —Ron O’Rourke’s Latest CRS Report (*108th ed.) Has CCG, PAFMM Updates

Now in its 108th iteration, not far behind its counterpart on PLA Navy development, this Library of Congress report is indispensable for policy-makers and analysts alike!

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Implications for U.S. Interests—Background and Issues for Congress, R42784 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 23 June 2020).
If you have trouble accessing […]

05 July 2020

“U.S. Role in the World: Background & Issues for Congress”—New CRS Report Offers Major China/Russia Coverage!

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S. Role in the World: Background & Issues for Congress R44891 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 12 March 2020).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.
Summary
The U.S. role in the world refers to the overall character, purpose, or […]

05 July 2020

Latest Edition of Timely New CRS Report—“Renewed Great Power Competition”

Ronald O’Rourke, Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense—Issues for Congress, R43838 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 29 May 2020).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.
Summary
Many observers have concluded that the post-Cold War era of international relations—which […]

01 July 2020

Countering Coercive Envelopment: How to Resist PRC Political-Maritime Control in Asia and Beyond

Andrew S. Erickson, “Countering Coercive Envelopment: How to Resist PRC Political-Maritime Control in Asia and Beyond,” testimony at hearing on “China’s Maritime Ambitions,” U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation, via WebEx to Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC, 30 June 2020.
COUNTERING COERCIVE ENVELOPMENT:
HOW TO RESIST PRC […]

30 June 2020

Honored to Testify at House Committee on Foreign Affairs Hearing Today: “China’s Maritime Ambitions”

House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs
Subcommittee: Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation
China’s Maritime Ambitions
June 30, 2020 3:00 PM
2172 Rayburn House Office Building and virtually via Cisco WebEx
 
WITNESSES
Gregory B. Poling
Senior Fellow for Southeast Asia
Director, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative
Center for Strategic and International Studies

Witness Statement
Witness Truth in Testimony
Witness Biography

Dr. Oriana Skylar Mastro
Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute
Assistant Professor of Security Studies, Georgetown University

Witness […]

30 June 2020

China SignPost™ (洞察中国) #102—“Policy Options to Impose Costs on Beijing’s Coercive Envelopment of Hong Kong: Version 1.0”

Gabriel Collins, J.D., Baker Botts Fellow in Energy & Environmental Regulatory Affairs, Baker Institute for Public Policy
Andrew S. Erickson, Ph.D., Professor of Strategy, China Maritime Studies Institute, Naval War College[1]
Hong Kong’s long-deteriorating situation has come to a head. On 30 June 2020, Beijing railroaded through a popularly-opposed National Security Law negating the Special Autonomous Region’s judicial […]

29 June 2020

The Hong Kong Watch Floor

An unclear, but clearly worrisome, future has arrived. Now that Beijing has adopted, and will be implementing, a popularly-opposed National Security Law that effectively invalidates core One Country, Two Systems-promised protections, risks are mounting for Hong Kongers. Under assault: some of their most cherished values and freedoms, and Hong Kong’s much-touted status as Asia’s World City.
Hong […]

16 June 2020

Why the Compacts of Free Association Matter to Washington

A timely treatment of a vital American interest, one that the Trump Administration has rightly prioritized.
Grant Wyeth, “Why the Compacts of Free Association Matter to Washington,” The Diplomat, 9 June 2020.
With its eyes on China, the United States seeks to reaffirm its presence in the western Pacific.
Last week, virtual meetings were held between officials from the U.S. […]

09 June 2020

Tension High, Altitude Higher: Logistical and Physiological Constraints on the Indo-Chinese Border

The Sino-Indian border dispute is a significant subject with broad ramifications. It is likely to become even more so as the world’s two most populous great powers face growing domestic challenges amid enduring issues of bilateral contention. All too often, however, emerging new data are granular, unclear, and difficult for outside observers to verify. MIT […]

01 June 2020

O’Rourke’s Latest CRS Report (*106th ed.) Offers CCG, PAFMM Updates—“U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South & East China Seas: Background & Issues for Congress”

Now in its 106th iteration, not far behind its counterpart on PLA Navy development, this Library of Congress report is indispensable for policy-makers and analysts alike!

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Implications for U.S. Interests—Background and Issues for Congress, R42784 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 28 May 2020).
If you have trouble accessing […]

01 June 2020

Latest CRS Report Edition—“China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities”—Projections to 2030 from Office of Naval Intelligence

Ronald O’Rourke, China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress, RL33153 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 21 May 2020).
Having trouble accessing the website above? Please download a cached copy here!
You can also click here to access the report via the new public CRS website.
In addition to his continuous incremental improvements, Ronald O’Rourke has revised this latest edition […]

01 June 2020

U.S. Limits the People’s Liberation Army’s Ability to Use Nonimmigrant Visa Programs to Illicitly Acquire U.S. Technologies and Intellectual Property

U.S. Limits the People’s Liberation Army’s Ability to Use Nonimmigrant Visa Programs to Illicitly Acquire U.S. Technologies and Intellectual Property
PRESS STATEMENT
MICHAEL R. POMPEO, SECRETARY OF STATE
JUNE 1, 2020
On May 29 President Trump issued a proclamation that limits the People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) ability to misuse nonimmigrant student and researcher visa programs. The Trump Administration is […]

29 May 2020

Press Conference Transcript on China, Hong Kong, and the WHO—“Remarks by President Trump on Actions Against China”

“Remarks by President Trump on Actions Against China,” The White House Rose Garden, Washington, DC, 2:48 p.m. EDT, 29 May 2020.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Good afternoon. Thank you. I’m here today to talk about our relationship with China and several new measures to protect American security and prosperity.
China’s pattern of misconduct is well […]