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Andrew S. Erickson China's rapid development is reshaping the world in all dimensions. Chinese language open sources offer insights into these critical trends. While such materials are increasing constantly in number, diversity, and sophistication, only a fraction is available in English. The analyses available here, many based on sources not previously considered outside China, are designed to help bridge that gap--and thereby increase understanding of the most dynamic great power in the international system today.

06 December 2022

Harvard Conference on U.S.-China Relations—18 November 2022—Covered in “The Wire China”

I was honored to join many China scholars and others at a recent event in Cambridge, MA:
“Coexistence 2.0: U.S.-China Relations in a Changing World” Conference. Co-presented by the Harvard University Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies and the Harvard Kennedy Rajawali Foundation Institute for Asia, with support from the Asia Society’s Center on U.S.-China Relations and […]

29 November 2022

Under Xi’s Command: Pentagon’s 2022 China Military Power Report Documents Relentless Ramp-Up Toward 2027 & Beyond

My initial take:
This year’s report documents a relentless ramp-up of PRC military capabilities toward 2027 and beyond. Despite having over 400 nuclear warheads already, and expanding at a rate that would reach 1,500 by 2035, Beijing refuses to acknowledge its buildup, let alone engage in arms control discussions. We are seeing the dangerous results of […]

29 November 2022

U.S. Department of Defense Annual Reports to Congress on China’s Military Power—2000 to 2022—Download Complete Set + Read Highlights Here

Now that the Department of Defense (DoD) has just released the 2022 China Military Power Report (CMPR)… you can access the Full Text & accompanying documents below. Since I couldn’t find a single-source location on the Internet, and the Pentagon has deactivated some of the previous links, I decided to make my own. Now you can […]

17 November 2022

Honored to present on “Panel 4: Competition & Cooperation in Security, Ideas & Rules” at Harvard Conference on U.S.-China Relations, Harvard Law School, 18 November 2022

Honored to present on “Panel 4: Competition & Cooperation in Security, Ideas and Rules,” at “Coexistence 2.0: U.S.-China Relations in a Changing World” Conference.

Co-presented by the Harvard University Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies and the Harvard Kennedy Rajawali Foundation Institute for Asia, with support from the Asia Society’s Center on U.S.-China Relations and UC San […]

15 November 2022

Just Released! U.S.-China Economic & Security Review Commission (USCC) Issues 2022 Report

2022 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, One Hundred Seventeenth Congress, Second Session, 15 November 2022.
Click here to download a cached copy of the full text.

Topics this year include CCP decision-making and Xi Jinping’s centralization of authority, challenging China’s trade practices, China’s energy plans and practices, U.S. supply chain vulnerabilities and resilience, China’s […]

11 November 2022

Naval War College’s China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI) Seeks New Professor—Apply by 9 January 2023!

Great new job opportunity at the Naval War College’s China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI)! Apply now to join a leading collegial team that publishes cutting-edge research to inform the Navy and engage the Nation!
Complete information at USAJOBS!

Now listed via The Chronicle of Higher Education!

Faculty Position Vacancy (Assistant/Associate Professor, China Maritime Studies Institute)

Job announcement number: VA#NWC-23-02
Department: Center for […]

10 November 2022

Declassified National Intelligence Estimate: “Chinese Space Activities Will Increasingly Challenge U.S. Interests through 2030”

Chinese Space Activities Will Increasingly Challenge U.S. Interests through 2030, National Intelligence Estimate NIE 2021-01634 (Washington, DC: Office of the Director of National Intelligence, April 2021; declassified by DNI Haines 17 September 2022).

[To maximize readability, the below transcription renders redactions of any length as brief ellipses. Click here to download a cached copy of the […]

10 November 2022

China’s Coast Guard: Organization, Forces, and Yellow Sea Applications

Andrew S. Erickson, “China’s Coast Guard: Organization, Forces, and Yellow Sea Applications,” in Andrew S. Erickson, ed., Maritime Gray Zone Operations: Challenges and Countermeasures in the Indo-Pacific (New York, NY: Routledge Cass Series: Naval Policy & History, 2022), 54–76.

Introduction
China has by far the world’s largest Coast Guard by number of ships, with the world’s largest Maritime Law Enforcement (MLE) ships […]

10 November 2022

Understanding Chinese and North Korean Gray Zone Operations in the Yellow Sea

Andrew S. Erickson, “Introduction: Understanding Chinese and North Korean Gray Zone Operations in the Yellow Sea,” in Andrew S. Erickson, ed., Maritime Gray Zone Operations: Challenges and Countermeasures in the Indo-Pacific (New York, NY: Routledge Cass Series: Naval Policy & History, 2022), 1–18.

Since presenting at the 22nd Annual Conference of the Council on Republic of Korea (ROK)-U.S. Security Studies, convened by […]

07 November 2022

CMSI China Maritime Report #24: “Incubators of Sea Power: Vessel Training Centers and the Modernization of the PLAN Surface Fleet”

Ryan D. Martinson, Incubators of Sea Power: Vessel Training Centers and the Modernization of the PLAN Surface Fleet, China Maritime Report 24 (Newport, RI: Naval War College China Maritime Studies Institute, November 2022).

About the Author
Ryan D. Martinson is a researcher in the China Maritime Studies Institute at the Naval War College. He holds a master’s degree […]

27 October 2022

Key China Content! From New 2022 National Defense Strategy-Nuclear Posture Review-Missile Defense Review

2022 National Defense Strategy of the United States of America, Including the 2022 Nuclear Posture Review and the 2022 Missile Defense Review (Washington, DC: Department of Defense, 27 October 2022).
First-ever release of UNCLASS Nuclear Posture Review and UNCLASS Missile Defense Review in the same document.
Click here to read the background summary.

NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY
 p. iii
The NDS directs the Department to […]

14 October 2022

Maritime Gray Zone Operations: Challenges and Countermeasures in the Indo-Pacific

China & North Korea’s Yellow Sea activities illuminated as never before!

Check out our new book, published in Naval War College Professor Geoffrey Till’s Routledge Cass Series on Naval Policy & History. Sponsored by the Korea Institute for Maritime Strategy (KIMS), it offers:

1) An authoritative Preface by former Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet Admiral Scott Swift (USN, […]

12 October 2022

New U.S. National Security Strategy: Key China Content

National Security Strategy (Washington, DC: The White House, 12 October 2022).

Click here to read “Fact Sheet” summary.

p. 3

The People’s Republic of China harbors the intention and, increasingly, the capacity to reshape the international order in favor of one that tilts the global playing field to its benefit, even as the United States remains committed to managing the competition […]

08 October 2022

Harvard Fairbank Center Book Launch & Panel Discussion—“The China Questions 2” & “What Does China’s Rise Mean for the U.S.?”—Thursday, 13 October, 4:30–6:00 PM

Panel Discussion – What Does China’s Rise Mean for the United States?

13 October 2022 @ 4:30 pm – 6:00 pm

Click here to register for hybrid attendance via Zoom.
For decades Americans have described China as a rising power. That description no longer fits: China has already risen. What does this mean for the US–China relationship? For the […]

07 October 2022

CMSI China Maritime Report #23: “The Type 075 LHD: Development, Missions, and Capabilities”

Conor M. Kennedy and Daniel Caldwell, The Type 075 LHD: Development, Missions, and Capabilities, China Maritime Report 23 (Newport, RI: Naval War College China Maritime Studies Institute, October 2022).

About the Authors
Conor M. Kennedy is a research associate at the China Maritime Studies Institute in the U.S. Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He received his MA […]

05 October 2022

New! “Modern Chinese Maritime Forces”—1 October 2022 ed.—Order of Battle for World’s Largest #s of Navy & Coast Guard & Maritime Militia Ships

This is the most comprehensive unclassified Chinese maritime order of battle, ship silhouettes, and data available anywhere. It tracks the world’s most-numerous Navy, Coast Guard, and Maritime Militia vessels in unrivaled detail. Even just flipping through this volume for a minute reveals the staggering scope and extent of PRC sea power across the waterfront today. I […]

01 October 2022

China-Russia Resources: An Open Source Compendium

This post is under construction. Please check back soon for new content.
Meanwhile, if you haven’t already, please be sure to examine the superb new edited volume detailed below…
***
Sarah Kirchberger, Svenja Sinjen, and Nils Wörmer, eds., Russia-China Relations: Emerging Alliance or Eternal Rivals? (New York, NY: Springer, 2022).
Click here to access full-text PDF.

This open access book examines Russia-China […]

21 August 2022

2013 PRC-Ukraine Treaty of Friendship & Cooperation/Joint Communiqué: Russian, Ukrainian & Chinese Documents, Context, Timeline

Andrew S. Erickson, “2013 PRC-Ukraine Treaty of Friendship & Cooperation/Joint Communiqué: Russian, Ukrainian & Chinese Documents, Context, Timeline,” China Analysis from Original Sources 以第一手资料研究中国, 29 August 2022. 
(Please note: The original post of 21 August 2022 has been updated to include full Chinese– and Ukrainian-language texts of the 2013 PRC-Ukraine Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation.)
Since the beginning of […]

05 August 2022

How Will China’s National Power Evolve Vis-à-vis the United States?

Andrew S. Erickson, “How Will China’s National Power Evolve Vis-à-vis the United States?” in Maria Adele Carrai, Jennifer Rudolph, and Michael Szonyi, eds., The China Questions 2: Critical Insights into U.S.-China Relations (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2022), 161–170.

The United States and China increasingly differ in their national systems, interests, and objectives. Never before have they been powerful simultaneously. […]