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Andrew S. Erickson China's rapid development is reshaping the world in all dimensions. Chinese language open sources offer insights into these critical trends. While such materials are increasing constantly in number, diversity, and sophistication, only a fraction is available in English. The analyses available here, many based on sources not previously considered outside China, are designed to help bridge that gap--and thereby increase understanding of the most dynamic great power in the international system today.

29 November 2021

Latest China Security Report from Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS) Focuses on Joint Operations—Access Complete Set of English/Japanese/Chinese Reports (2010 onward) Here!

The international community keeps a close watch on China’s security policy and its military trends. The Japanese public has been increasingly aware of the large impact of China’s rising military (and economic) power that may have a huge impact on Japanese security. China, now the second largest economy in the world, has become an essentially […]

23 November 2021

Great to Speak at CFR Virtual Meeting: “After Glasgow—The Good, the Bad, and the Hopeful”

“After Glasgow—The Good, the Bad, and the Hopeful,” Virtual Meeting, Council on Foreign Relations, 19 November 2021.
Click here to watch on YouTube!

Our panelists review the recent COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, including climate action since the Paris Accords and how governments and businesses can step up to address the complex challenges of climate change and adaptation.
Andrew S. […]

19 November 2021

Honored to Present Mon. 22 November—Korea Maritime Institute/Harvard Belfer Center Conference—“Maritime Security & Peace on the Korean Peninsula”

Maritime Security and Peace on the Korean Peninsula
Mon., Nov. 22, 2021 | 7:00pm – 9:00pm

Join us for this Zoom Webinar event.
The co-sponsors of this joint conference are the Korea Maritime Institute and the Belfer Center’s Korea Project.


Opening Session
Welcome Address:

Chang Young-Tae (President, Korea Maritime Institute)

Opening Remarks:

Kijun You (Consul General, Korean Consulate General in Boston)

Keynote Address:

Prof. Yoon Young-kwan (Kim Koo Visiting […]

17 November 2021

U.S.-China Economic & Security Review Commission (USCC) Issues 2021 Report

2021 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, One Hundred Seventeenth Congress, First Session, 17 November 2021.
Click here to download a cached copy of the full text.

Topics this year include the CCP’s ambitions and challenges at its centennial, China’s influence in Latin America and the Caribbean, the CCP’s economic and technological ambitions, […]

14 November 2021

Interviewed by Gordon Arthur, Shephard Media’s Asia-Pacific Editor: “Moving towards Mare Nostrum”

Great to speak with Gordon Arthur for his latest piece! I long enjoyed catching up with “King Arthur” and fellow defense journalists at the Zhuhai Airshow, and really miss those days! But now we continue our tracking of PLA developments by other open source means—and here you can read about the latest PRC military maritime […]

13 November 2021

Interviewed by ANI News: “Pentagon Report Issues ‘Clarion Call’ Over Chinese Military Ambitions”

“Pentagon Report Issues ‘Clarion Call’ Over Chinese Military Ambitions,” ANI News, 8 November 2021.

… The CMPR [China Military Power Report] only covers developments till the end of 2020, the better part of a year ago. For that reason, it did not mention the test of a fractional orbital bombardment system (FOBS) several months ago. A […]

12 November 2021

How Powerful Is China’s Military? The Pentagon’s New China Report Offers Answers

Andrew S. Erickson, interviewed by Harry J. Kazianis, “How Powerful Is China’s Military? The Pentagon’s New China Report Offers Answers,” 19FortyFive, 12 November 2021.
Editor’s Note: Having distilled the 2021 China Military Power Report (CMPR)’s key findings into a six-page summary last week, Dr. Andrews Erickson now offers his big-picture conclusions and recommendations.

Q: What’s the biggest revelation […]

05 November 2021

The Pentagon’s 2021 China Military Power Report: My Summary

Updated 7 November 2021
The Pentagon’s 2021 China Military Power Report: My Summary
Worth Waiting For—Now No Time to Waste!
Andrew S. Erickson
Andrew S. Erickson, “The Pentagon’s 2021 China Military Power Report: My Summary,” China Analysis from Original Sources 以第一手资料研究中国, 5 November 2021.

Click here for a printable PDF version.
Despite coming out late in the year, the Pentagon’s 2021 […]

03 November 2021

Worth Waiting For—But No Time to Waste! My Take on the Pentagon’s 2021 China Military Power Report

Despite coming out late in the year, the Pentagon’s 2021 China Military Power Report (CMPR) was worth the wait!
Since the first edition in 2000, the annual CMPR issued by the Department of Defense (DoD) has offered government-verified data on China’s meteoric military rise simply unfindable or unconfirmable anywhere else.
Among today’s top takeaways: in a shocking […]

03 November 2021

U.S. Department of Defense Annual Reports to Congress on China’s Military Power—2000 to 2021—Download Complete Set + Read Highlights Here

Now that the Department of Defense (DoD) has just released the 2021 China Military Power Report (CMPR)… you can access the Full Text & accompanying documents below. Since I couldn’t find a single-source location on the Internet, and the Pentagon has deactivated some of the previous links, I decided to make my own. Now you can […]

01 November 2021

CMSI China Maritime Report #16: “Chinese Ferry Tales: The PLA’s Use of Civilian Shipping in Support of Over-the-Shore Logistics”

Pathbreaking contribution by J. Michael Dahm, a retired U.S. Navy intelligence officer and a senior researcher at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Among his Indo-Pacific assignments, he formerly served as Assistant U.S. Naval Attaché in Beijing—& graciously hosted me & my CMSI colleagues there. Check out the revealing accompanying graphics: 47 figures & 7 […]

30 October 2021

The China Maritime Militia Bookshelf: Latest Data/Analysis, SECNAV Guidance, Wikipedia & Music Video!

Andrew S. Erickson, “Tracking China’s ‘Little Blue Men’—A Comprehensive Maritime Militia Compendium,” China Analysis from Original Sources 以第一手资料研究中国, 30 October 2021.

As Coronavirus rages on, fishy things have been happening across the South and East China Seas, home to virtually all of China’s unresolved maritime disputes… Since Beijing remains far from being fully forthcoming and transparent, it is to be hoped […]

29 October 2021

SECNAV Del Toro’s Strategic Guidance to Navy/Marine Corps—Emphasizes China’s Three Sea Forces, Including Maritime Militia!

The Honorable Carlos Del Toro, 78th Secretary of the Navy, One Navy-Marine Corps Team—Strategic Guidance from the Secretary of the Navy (Washington, DC: U.S. Navy Office of Information, 8 October 2021).
Click here to download a cached copy.

p. 1
Since my confirmation as the 78th Secretary of the Navy, I have characterized the most pressing challenges facing the […]

27 October 2021

New Oxford Bibliography: “The People’s Liberation Army (PLA)”

Honored to publish Oxford University Press’s Oxford Bibliography on “The People’s Liberation Army (PLA)” with Ian Burns McCaslin! 74 pages of entries cover leading works in the field, each with a convenient summary. When we started compiling this 3+ years ago, we wondered why there weren’t more such resources… We learned the hard way—and want […]

27 October 2021

Ron O’Rourke’s Latest CRS Report—USN Projections of PLAN Ship Numbers Superiority through 2040 & Much More—“China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities”

As part of Ronald O’Rourke’s continuous incremental improvements, this 254th (!) edition of his report on Chinese naval modernization incorporates numbers provided by the U.S. Navy. And that’s on top of the numbers from the soon-to-be-superceded Pentagon’s 2020 China Military Power Report. Given the authoritative analysis supporting these revelations, and the rarity with which they are made […]

26 October 2021

O’Rourke’s New CRS Report—“U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South & East China Seas”—Latest on CCG + PAFMM & Gray Zone Ops

This Library of Congress report is indispensable for policy-makers and analysts alike!

Ronald O’Rourke, U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Implications for U.S. Interests—Background and Issues for Congress, R42784 (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 6 October 2021).
If you have trouble accessing the website above, please download a cached copy here.
You can also click here to access the […]

24 October 2021

Listen to New Midrats Podcast—“Episode 606: China’s Dangerous Decade with Andrew Erickson”

Honored to speak with the hosts CDR Salamander and EagleOne, and all participating in our discussion! 
We spoke live at 5 P.M. (EDT) on 24 October 2021 for Midrats Episode 606: China’s Dangerous Decade with Andrew Erickson…

Click here to listen to the 66-minute podcast!

What are the of economic, demographic, and political forces driving China through this […]

21 October 2021

Now Hiring! Executive Director for Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies & Harvard China Fund

Click here to access more information on how to apply via Harvard’s HR website.

Faculty of Arts and Sciences


Job-Specific Responsibilities
The Executive Director (ED) of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies (FCCS) and the Harvard China Fund (HCF) plays a critical role in leading two of the university’s key centers for research, teaching and outreach regarding Greater […]

18 October 2021

A Dangerous Decade of Chinese Power Is Here: China’s Power is Peaking—As is the Danger for the U.S.

Andrew S. Erickson and Gabriel B. Collins, “A Dangerous Decade of Chinese Power Is Here,” Foreign Policy, 18 October 2021.
China’s Power is Peaking—As is the Danger for the United States
Beijing knows time isn’t on its side and wants to act fast.

U.S. and allied policymakers are facing the most important foreign-policy challenge of the 21st century. China’s […]