Archive | Cited In (Selected)

25 April 2017

Marking the Launch of Beijing’s First Homebuilt Hull: The China Aircraft Carrier Bookshelf

Ronald O’Rourke, China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 29 March 2017), RL33153.
p. 18
Aircraft Carriers and Carrier-Based Aircraft59
China has begun operating its first aircraft carrier—the Liaoning, a refurbished ex-Ukrainian aircraft carrier that entered service in 2012. China is well along with the construction of a second carrier (China’s […]

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24 April 2017

Ronald O’Rourke’s Latest Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report—on China’s Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes—documents China Maritime Militia Activity

The latest edition of the following report addresses China Maritime Militia (CMM) activity specifically, offering more coverage than the previous edition of 8 June 2016. It’s long overdue for reports from the Department of Defense, Defense Intelligence Agency, Office of Naval Intelligence, and other organizations charged with issuing specific public estimates added their own authoritative statements […]

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24 April 2017

Newest Edition of Ron O’Rourke’s Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report: “China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress”

Happy to see my colleagues Peter Dutton, Ryan Martinson, and Conor Kennedy cited so extensively in this report!
Ronald O’Rourke, China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 29 March 2017), RL33153.
Summary
China is building a modern and regionally powerful navy with a limited but growing capability for conducting operations beyond […]

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31 March 2017

Water Wars: Cooperation “of the Right Time, in the Right Place and with the Support of the People”

Jared Dummitt and Eliot Kim, “Water Wars: Cooperation ‘of the Right Time, in the Right Place and with the Support of the People’,” Lawfare Blog, 31 March 2017.
Analysis, Commentary, and Additional Information
Several analysts have described an increasing trend towards the mobilization of non-Navy forces in the South China Sea. Andrew Erickson of the U.S. Naval War […]

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25 February 2017

U.S. Wary of Its New Neighbor in Djibouti: A Chinese Naval Base

Andrew Jacobs and Jane Perlez, “U.S. Wary of Its New Neighbor in Djibouti: A Chinese Naval Base,” New York Times, 25 February 2017.
… With no shared border, China and the United States mostly circle each other from afar, relying on satellites and cybersnooping to peek inside the workings of each other’s war machines.
But the two strategic rivals are about […]

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28 January 2017

Dean Thomas Culora Writes in Proceedings on Gray Zone Conflict and Ongoing Efforts at the Naval War College’s Center for Naval Warfare Studies to Research It

Thomas J. Culora, “Maritime Hybrid Warfare Is Coming,” Comment & Discussion, U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 143.1 (January 2017): 8, 76.
(See J. Stavridis, pp. 30–33, December 2016 Proceedings)
Thomas J. Culora, Dean, Center for Naval Warfare Studies, Naval War College—Admiral Stavridis unpacks the strategic and operational implications and identifies the challenges presented by this asymmetric form of […]

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17 November 2016

Welcome Progress! U.S.-China Commission Recommends Dedicated Section on Maritime Militia for Pentagon China Report

2016 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, Second Session, 16 November 2016.
pp. 29-30
THE COMMISSION’S KEY RECOMMENDATIONS
The Commission considers 10 of its 20 recommendations to Congress to be of particular significance. The complete list of recommendations appears at the Report’s conclusion on page 507.
The Commission recommends:

Congress […]

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17 November 2016

Just Released: 2016 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission

2016 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, Second Session, 16 November 2016.
The U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission has just released the 2016 Annual Report to Congress. This year’s report covers Chinese overcapacity, investment in the United States, state-owned enterprise reform, China’s military buildup, espionage threats […]

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19 October 2016

Countering Chinese Expansion through Mass Enlightenment

A timely and persuasive argument that the U.S. government can and should do far more to unleash the power of publicly-released information. Case in point: abundant open sources illuminate the activities of China’s Maritime Militia.
James E. Fanell and Ryan D. Martinson, “Countering Chinese Expansion through Mass Enlightenment,” Center for International Maritime Security, 18 October 2016.
From […]

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26 September 2016

Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report by Ronald O’Rourke Documents China Maritime Militia Activity

The latest edition of the following report addresses China Maritime Militia (CMM) activity specifically. It’s high time that reports from the Department of Defense, Defense Intelligence Agency, Office of Naval Intelligence, and other organizations charged with issuing specific public estimates added their own authoritative statements on this vital issue!
Ronald O’Rourke, Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone […]

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13 September 2016

Chinese Air Force Announces ‘Regular’ Exercises Flying through Key Entryway into Western Pacific

Jesse Johnson, “Chinese Air Force Announces ‘Regular’ Exercises Flying through Key Entryway into Western Pacific,” Japan Times, 13 September 2016.
China’s People’s Liberation Army Air Force has announced that it will be organizing “regular” exercises that fly past the so-called first island chain — a key entryway into the Western Pacific that includes Japan’s Ryukyu Islands […]

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11 August 2016

Latest Edition—Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report by Ron O’Rourke—“Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress”

Ronald O’Rourke, Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 8 June 2016), R42784.
Summary
China’s actions for asserting and defending its maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) claims in the East China (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS), particularly since late 2013, have heightened concerns among […]

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09 August 2016

David Axe in The Daily Beast—“Little Blue Men: China Launches a Stealth Invasion in the South China Sea”

David Axe, “Little Blue Men: China Launches a Stealth Invasion in the South China Sea,” The Daily Beast, 9 August 2016.
Beijing isn’t fighting for control of disputed waters with missiles and drones—it’s using Chinese coast guard and fisherman instead.
On Aug. 6, the Chinese government sent a stealth invasion force sailing into the disputed waters surrounding […]

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02 August 2016

China Opens Large Fishing Port to ‘Safeguard’ South China Sea Claims

J. Michael Cole, “China Opens Large Fishing Port to ‘Safeguard’ South China Sea Claims,” The News Lens International, 2 August 2016.
A new port facility in Hainan could serve as a base for China’s ‘maritime militias’ in the disputed South China Sea.
China on Monday officially opened a new fishing port at Yazhou, Hainan Province, to host fishing vessels […]

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23 July 2016

Latest Edition of Ron O’Rourke’s Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report: “China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress”

Ronald O’Rourke, China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 17 June 2016), RL33153.
Summary
China is building a modern and regionally powerful navy with a limited but growing capability for conducting operations beyond China’s near-seas region. Observers of Chinese and U.S. military forces view China’s improving naval capabilities as posing a potential […]

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13 July 2016

Panning for Gold: Assessing Chinese Maritime Strategy from Primary Sources

Gold that requires no panning: a methodological masterpiece from my CMSI colleague Ryan Martinson. Mandatory reading for all serious students of Chinese maritime strategy and Chinese-language open source scholarship!
Ryan D. Martinson, “Panning for Gold: Assessing Chinese Maritime Strategy from Primary Sources,” Naval War College Review 69.3 (Summer 2016): 23-44.
What are the drivers behind China’s vigorous […]

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16 June 2016

Reported Chinese Efforts to Conceal Maritime Militia Reach Intelligence-Insulting Level

Chinese officials are insulting foreign intelligence, likely in all senses of the word.
Xi Jinping’s visit in 2013 to Tanmen Township, and the designation of its Maritime Militia as a national model, has made this the leading unit for other seaports to emulate. Yet earlier this month, as the Al Jazeera article below documents, a local […]

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09 June 2016

Putting “Meat on the Bones” of the U.S.-Japan Alliance Coordination Mechanism

Thomas Storch, “Putting ‘Meat on the Bones’ of the U.S.-Japan Alliance Coordination Mechanism,” Sasakawa USA Forum, Issue 2, 1 June 2016.
U.S.-Japan alliance coordination has historically been hindered by structural challenges, such as the lack of a mutual defense pact or a joint operational command structure, as exist in both the U.S.-South Korea alliance and the […]

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06 June 2016

“China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress”: Latest Edition of Ron O’Rourke’s Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report

Ronald O’Rourke, China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 31 May 2016), RL33153.
Summary
China is building a modern and regionally powerful navy with a limited but growing capability for conducting operations beyond China’s near-seas region. Observers of Chinese and U.S. military forces view China’s improving naval capabilities as posing a potential […]

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